LONDON — Men and women should drink no more than six pints of beer or standard glasses of wine a week, according to new British government guidelines that warn that any level of alcohol consumption raises the risk of cancer.
The new guidance, published in London on Friday, lowers the recommended maximum intake for men to 14 UK units of alcohol a week, the same as for women, from 21 units. A pint of beer with a 4 percent alcohol content or a medium-sized 175-milliliter glass of wine contains 2.3 units. People of both sexes are urged to have several alcohol-free days a week.
The new advice follows a review of scientific evidence since the previous guidelines were issued in 1995, the government said in an emailed statement. The full extent of the links between alcohol and cancer were not previously understood, and the new guidelines have been set at a level to keep the risk of mortality from cancers or other diseases low, it said.
“Drinking any level of alcohol regularly carries a health risk for anyone, but if men and women limit their intake to no more than 14 units a week it keeps the risk of illness like cancer and liver disease low,” the chief medical officer for England, Sally Davies, said in the statement.
The guidelines aim to give the public “the latest and most up-to-date scientific information so that they can make informed decisions about their own drinking and the level of risk they are prepared to take,” she said.
The benefits of alcohol for heart health only apply for women who are 55 and older, with the greatest benefit seen when intake is limited to five units a week.
The government also urges drinkers not to concentrate alcohol consumption to “one of two heavy drinking sessions each week,” saying that increases the risk of death from long-term illnesses or injuries. Pregnant women are warned that it’s not safe to drink any alcohol at all.
Action for Consumer Choice, a lobby group that campaigns against restrictions on smoking an alcohol, said the new government advice appears devoid of common sense.
“The claim that there is no safe level of drinking flies in the face of the weight of studies showing that those who drink moderately have better or similar health outcomes to teetotalers,” Rob Lyons, the group’s campaigns manager, said in an emailed statement. The guidelines “seem designed to suggest that drinking alcohol in more than tiny quantities is abnormal and risky. The real danger is they will be used to justify more nanny state policies, from higher prices and alarmist health warnings to further restrictions on the sale of alcohol.”
UK Independence Party leader Nigel Farage, often pictured in a pub with a pint of beer in his hand, said he’d carry on drinking.
“Frankly if we choose to enjoy a few drinks, four or five nights a week after a hard day at work, whether it slightly shortens our lives or not, so what?” he said on a phone-in program on LBC Radio. “To basically tell us that any form of drinking is likely to lead to our deaths is just so over the top that we’ll probably behave in the opposite way. I certainly will, starting at midday today.”
The new guidelines were accompanied by the publication of findings highlighting the increased cancer risk from drinking.
“The risk of getting cancer increases the more alcohol a person drinks,” said Mark Petticrew, professor of public health evaluation at the London School of Hygiene, who co-headed a committee looking into the subject. “We found that between 4 and 6 percent of all new cancers in the U.K. in 2013 were caused by alcohol consumption.”
Even an alcohol intake of less than 1.5 units a day increases the risk of mouth and throat cancer, the panel found, while an intake of more than about 6 units a day raises the risk of liver and pancreatic cancer.