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WASHINGTON — Two years before he became a circuit court judge, Neil Gorsuch finished a doctorate in philosophy at the University of Oxford in England. A byproduct of that pursuit, which began 13 years after he graduated from law school, was a book: “The Future of Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia.”

When he wrote it, he likely never imagined he’d be before the Senate, asked to defend his views as lawmakers considered his nomination to the Supreme Court.

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  • There are some errors in prior notes. I just received the very skimpy books on John and not James Carroll. They report that John Carroll was made in 1784, and through the Constitutional Convention the Apostolic delegate or the ecclesiastical superior or the missions to the United States. Since Catholic churches did not exist in America, the priests were called missionaries. John Carroll may have built one of the first churches in America at his home. In 1789 he became the first bishop of America as the Bishop of Baltimore. When 4 total cities had bishops, John Carroll became Archbishop of Baltimore. James Carroll was a columnist for major newspapers in the United States who may just have died leaving his name on my mind.

  • Some quick comments to supplement an earlier contribution. This does tie further Hippocrates to modern medicine and to Catholic and Constitutional tradition.

    Hippocrates believed in food as ones medicine. Does the Mediterranean diet seem today’s medicine? Hippocrates talked of digestion. Today it is the microbiome. Another Hippocratic doctor is involved in the importance of Western Civilization. He is St. Luke who wrote canonical works in the New Testament. Because of the ability to handle epidemics, in contrast to the Temple Doctors, Christianity was finally accepted into the plethora of Roman gods. The Temple doctors were the Hospitalists of their time. Community doctors were basically Hippocratic doctors. The ethics of surgeons or those who use the knife and the Hospitalists do not appear to follow the Hippocratic tradition. The problem of the patient’s living will and directions appears as a problem within the hospital setting.

    I think the Catholic Church accepted Hippocratic ethics such as the confidentiality between doctor and patient and in turn priest and penitent.

    An interesting tie between the Catholic Church and the American Constitution is that George Mason both before, after and during the Constititutional Convention met with the Bishop of Baltimore, his friend. who lived 20 miles away at Rock Creek. The Bishop, James Carroll, was friends with Benjamin Franklin from 1775 on and the same with George Washington. The Bishop attended George Washington’s death bed, as a friend. The Bishop’s brother, Daniel, was at the Constitutional Convention, as a delegate from Maryland. The Catholic Encyclopedia attributes parts of the Constitution to Bishop Carroll. The Bill of Rights can be included as it reflects Carroll’s testimony to his new government. The Carroll brothers later donated Maryland lands to the District of Columbia. One other member of Carroll’s Virginia friends was Light-horse Harry Lee. He was the recipient of the Wikipedia document known as so proudly we hail, written by George Washington. Lee was a neighbor also and was considered the finest officer, who was not a general during the revolution. Henry Lee III was also the father of General Robert E. Lee. Washington, after the Revolution, nominated Lee to be the first major general of the army with each proposed army call up. Lee was to give the eulogy in Congress for Washington.

    Leonard Friedman, MD

  • Some quick comments to supplement an earlier contribution.

    Hippocrates believed in food as ones medicine. Does the Mediterranean diet seem today’s medicine? Hippocrates talked of digestion. Today it is the microbiome. Another Hippocratic doctor is involved in the importance of Western Civilization. He is St. Luke who wrote canonical works in the New Testament. Because of the ability to handle epidemics, in contrast to the Temple Doctors, Christianity was finally accepted into the plethora of Roman gods. The Temple doctors were the Hospitalists of their time. Community doctors were basically Hippocratic doctors. The ethics of surgeons or those who use the knife and the Hospitalists do not appear to follow the Hippocratic tradition. The problem of the patient’s living will and directions appears as a problem within the hospital setting.

    I think the Catholic Church accepted Hippocratic ethics such as the confidentiality between doctor and patient and in turn priest and penitent.

    An interesting tie between the Catholic Church and the American Constitution is that George Mason both before, after and during the Constititutional Convention met with the Bishop of Baltimore, his friend. who lived 20 miles away at Rock Creek. The Bishop, James Carroll, was friends with Benjamin Franklin from 1775 on and the same with George Washington. The Bishop attended George Washington’s death bed, as a friend. The Bishop’s brother, Daniel, was at the Constitutional Convention, as a delegate from Maryland. The Catholic Encyclopedia attributes parts of the Constitution to Bishop Carroll. The Bill of Rights can be included as it reflects Carroll’s testimony to his new government. The Carroll brothers later donated Maryland lands to the District of Columbia. One other member of Carroll’s Virginia friends was Light-horse Harry Lee. He was the recipient of the Wikipedia document known as so proudly we hail, written by George Washington. Lee was a neighbor also and was considered the finest officer, who was not a general during the revolution. Henry Lee III was also the father of General Robert E. Lee. Washington, after the Revolution, nominated Lee to be the first major general of the army with each proposed army call up. Lee was to give the eulogy in Congress for Washington.

    Leonard Friedman, MD

  • The Hippocratic Oath, only about 2500 years old, as a covenant states: I will use treatment to help the sick according to my ability and judgment, but never with a view to injury and wrong-doing. Neither will I administer a poison to anybody when asked to do so, nor will I suggest such a course.

    Judge Gorsuch also should note that a Hippocratic doctor, John Locke, who in the Two Treatises on Government, spoke of a right to health in his first 3 editions of the book. The initial quote is “life, liberty, health and goods.” We reinterpreted this to life, liberty and property. In Merry England one leases land unlike the United States where one owns land. One may improve leased property, but not own the real property product perpetually. The right to health and not health care is not a right to die, agreeing with Judge Gorsuch.

    If Germany in 1932 had a Bill of Rights, would Hitler have gotten to the Reichstat? If England had a written Constitution would they have treated Brexit the same way with a popular vote?

    As an intriguing thought can Original Intent be improved by recognizing that our Constitution and Bill of Rights was written by one man, George Mason. If so this would solve textual interpretation. Mason probably wrote the Ordinances of the Northwest Territories 1785 which dealt with land use and ownership as well as he was the national expert on land use. Mason probably wrote the Ordinances of the Northwest Territories in 1787 which included his future contributions to the Constitutional Convention. He is a next door neighbor to George Washington and with Washington did the Fairfax Resolves, the intellectual precursor to the rational for radicals for revolution. According to James Madison’s notes on the Constituional Convention George Mason, next to Madison, said more than anyone else at the Convention except Madison, while George Washington said nothing. Madison and Jefferson called Mason, a wise man, a statesman and filled with wisdom. I shouldn’t have to say more.

    Leonard Friedman, MD Upstate Medical University ’60, Post Graduate Work in Cambridge Area.

    • I will use treatment to help the sick according to my ability and judgment, but never with a view to injury and wrong-doing. Neither will I administer a poison to anybody when asked to do so, nor will I suggest such a course.

      Interesting to quote it and remember that medicine even as far back as a couple hundred years ago was in its infancy. Would Hippocrates have been able to prescribe chemotherapy under his own rules?

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