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I managed to get through college in the 1980s without smoking marijuana. It wasn’t until I was diagnosed with cancer in the 1990s that I decided to give it a try.

The anti-nausea medicine I was taking to combat the side effects of chemotherapy made me feel like I was going to jump out of my skin and it didn’t banish my queasiness. So I took matters into my own hands and asked a friend for some marijuana. At the time, possessing it or using it was illegal, and there was a stigma around its use. It felt like I had a dirty little secret.

That said, when I smoked it, I felt great. My nausea disappeared, my appetite came back, and I slept like a baby. My two biggest regrets were that I didn’t use it more consistently during my illness and that I hadn’t tried it the first time I had cancer, eight years earlier.


So when the conversation began about legalizing marijuana for medical use, I was totally on board because I believed it would give people more choices and potentially better relief for their symptoms. I’m still on board, but I wish the people who might benefit from medical marijuana could get helpful information about it from their physicians.

Today, cannabis is legal for medical use in 33 states and the District of Columbia. That sounds great, but it is complicated by the mismatch between state and federal laws and by education for both medical students and practicing physicians. Medical marijuana may have come to the states, but there is no integration with the medical community. Patients get their information from friends and the media, and are left largely at the mercy of marijuana vendors.


As I grappled with tendonitis in my elbow, back pain from a horseback riding injury, neck pain from past cancer treatment, and trouble sleeping, to name a few of my current ailments, I decided to do my own research and apply for a medical marijuana card. After what I have seen with the opioid crisis, I was open to trying something different than those potentially risky medications. Though the Internet can be a valuable resource, it is also filled with misinformation, so I hoped to receive more education and guidance as a medical marijuana patient.

Finding a doctor who would certify me as a medical marijuana patient with a qualifying condition was the first step. Most physicians haven’t registered to do this, and my primary care physician was no exception. That forced me to search the Internet for a clinic and doctor that would give me the certification in my state of Massachusetts.

After sifting through the various websites, I found what looked to be a reputable clinic and set up an appointment. The doctor was pleasant, gave me an overview of cannabis and a booklet of information, and completed my certification with the state. I mentioned to him that I had read about cannabis interacting with certain medications, like the statin I was on for my high cholesterol, and he seemed surprised, saying he knew nothing about it. That didn’t infuse me with confidence.

As I visited different dispensaries, I realized that the people behind the counter were giving me advice based on their personal experiences, and didn’t know anything about the risk of using cannabis with various medical conditions, or its interactions with medications.

I was told about concentrate, distillate, and flower; about 1:1, 3:1, and 20:1 CBD to THC ratios; about Sativa, Indica, and Hybrid — all terms I tried to understand. And then there were the crazy names given to the bud: Cornbread, Rainmaker, Grease Monkey. Although the salesperson was patient with me and gave advice, I left the dispensary more confused than when I arrived.

I now have a drawer full of marijuana-related tinctures, vape pens, cartridges, gummies, lozenges, chocolates, and medicated creams. My husband wants to know what I am going to do with it all. I have tried some of these products, but I haven’t smoked or vaped marijuana given my past medical history, and want more information about whether it will harm me by doing so. The learning curve is so steep and dosages so random. You have to figure it out on your own, as everyone responds differently.

The “on your own” part is a shame. Cancer patients, pain patients, and others now have an alternative way to combat symptoms, one that may cause fewer side effects and come with a lower opportunity for abuse, yet their doctors generally can’t give them guidance on how to use it because they haven’t been trained to do that. Patients at cancer centers are desperate for advice but have to go outside the medical system, even for “medical marijuana.” As both a cancer patient and patient advocate, I am worried about patients not receiving the support they need in this area.

On a recent visit to a major teaching hospital in Boston, a nurse practitioner told me how desperate patients are to learn about and use cannabis. I was shocked to hear there is no designated physician or other health care professional in that hospital who can authoritatively have these discussions. “The protocol is to write a prescription for sleeping pills or anti-anxiety or pain meds,” she said, rather than have a discussion about cannabis. “No one wants to be known as the ‘pot doctor’ or take the risk of recommending marijuana.”

There is clearly a need for more research and education around marijuana, for both patients and their doctors. But the research we need isn’t happening because of marijuana’s current federal classification as an illegal substance, despite the fact that individual states have legalized it. This is bad news for patients for two main reasons.

First, doctors rely on research. Without it, they are not only resistant to recommend cannabis but have no real science to inform their decisions. So they mostly stay out of the conversation. People are told to talk to their doctor about using cannabis, yet when I mention it to my doctors they typically shrug and say they can’t give me any guidance. Others tell you to stay away from marijuana. These approaches make me worry that patients will keep their usage secret rather than share what they are doing with a disapproving doctor.

Second, without research there is no real safety profile or guidelines for usage and dosage. Patients are left to experiment on their own.

We may have put the cart before the horse by classifying cannabis for medical use before physicians truly understand its benefits. This creates confusion and a lack of support and potential harm for patients. I believe that physicians should manage a persons’ care holistically, but the current environment makes that difficult to do.

Until there’s some real change, like making it easier to study the effects of medical marijuana and also training doctors about its benefits and risks, we will all continue to be dazed and confused.

Shari Berman is a patient advocate who focuses on improving the patient experience. She is co-chair of the Beryl Institute’s Patient Experience Policy Forum, former co-chair of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute’s Patient Family Advisory Council, and writes a blog called Best Life After Cancer.

  • The blog is rich in content and knowledgeable. The information shared really helped alot to know more about marijuana.

  • I finally got the real answer from you. Waiting for the card. Apparently the doctor I saw will prescription a type, amount, etc. but I don’t see him for 210 days should my prescription need to be adjusted. In my very brief eval they said I could ask all the questions I want, but cut me off after 15 minutes for the next patient. I asked what I should use and how much and he answered “your body will tell you.” So how on earth can he prescribe?

  • Dear Shari,
    I have been suffering from migraines and severe pelvic pain due to endometriosis for about 4 years now. When I asked my doctors about medications to help with the pain, CBD oil never came up as an option. A friend of mine suggested it to me, but when I looked for the product online, I noticed how unreasonably expensive it is. I asked my doctor if endometriosis qualifies me to get a medical marijuana card so that I can buy CBD oil for less money, but they told me no. However, I was later informed by other women suffering with endometriosis that I do, in fact, qualify for one. Had I not talked to other women about obtaining a medical card, I would not have known that it is a valid option for me.
    The stigma surrounding cannabis use continues to prevent people from learning about and receiving marijuana as a form of pain relief. I hope that more people like you will be willing to speak out about the benefits of using medical marijuana and remove the stigma attached to it. Part of the reason for this stigma lies behind a racist history of associating the drug with marginalized groups. I believe that confronting this issue will lead us in the right direction towards eliminating this stigma so that we, as a society, can learn more about the benefits of medical marijuana.

  • I am a stage 4 Carcinoid Cancer patient and on disability. I can not afford the cost of a medical card for marajuauna in Ma. 2019. It’s hard enough to afford a little bit of mental relief from a little bit of money during the month. Can I get any financial help to get the medical marajuauna card? Please ,this is really painful.

  • I am also taking a blood thinner and have for about 6 months. I am a cancer patient. I also get a fairly strong infusion of a clinical trial drug. But, I still continue to smoke and vape marijuana. As I have done since I was 16 yrs old.

  • I have a 86 year old mother who has chronic arthritis pain and depression and wanted to try the medical marijuana fir her but she is on blood thinner and all I read says you can’t take it with blood thinner. Our family doctor says he knows nothing about it. Can you give me any info on this? Thank you

  • Opioids do help. There is no denying that fact. But, at a price. I would try broad spectrum CBD oil before you try actual bud {marijuana}. Are you in a state where is it legal? Or at least medical MJ? Give the CBD oil or other products that are available. Including run on CBD, gummies, etc. People I know who have tried it have positive things to say about it. And that includes myself. I have a tumor in my head and the CBD oil seems to alleviate the pain better than anything else.

  • I am 83 and in a lot of pain from neuropathy, two herniated disc and I need a knee replacement. Have been on opioids for about 2 years and they help but I don’t get enough for them to help as much as I need. I also do not want to take more then I have to. Would like to try marijuana,but I am worried on how to find rigth doctor. Also if I need to get this knee replaced anytime soon oh, what happens then? I mean with the marijuana or any pain medication that I have to take? ANY Advise would be appreciated.

  • Sorry I just posted a comment earlier but I want to say something about cannabis. I grew up in 60’s 70’s. Yes I tried pot many times just like the majority of young people back then. It was wrong back then and it was just to get a buzz. But now after all the studies and trials, etc, it is a very good option for people with chronic conditions that are dying from the side effects of their rx medications that treat their pain and other ailments. I know about marijuana first hand that it has none of the horrible effects that opioids have such as nausea, constipation, hang over feeling, and biggest of all it is NOT physically addictive, no matter what some jackass might say. Believe me I should know. What burns my butt is that you can go down the street and buy gallons of alcohol with all the lawmakers blessings, as long as you don’t drive, thank goodness. But it’s okay to pickle your entire body that way because alcohol is legal. Being in law enforcement for many years I can honestly say that I never ever had a problem arresting someone for some various crime where they cooperated fully without incident if they had been just doing MJ only. Never were they violent in anyway. But if other drugs or the legal consumption of alcohol(worst drug ever) was involved, more times than not either they or me were going to get an ass-whipping at some point. I just wanted to share that with people that might not see the difference. Why do our lawmakers sit on their old lazy butts and close their minds to changes that could really benefit so many people in a positive way. Do it like they did alcohol and prohibition. Legalize it, tax it, or whatever. Just take criminal element out of it. Wake up. But of course Big Pharma doesn’t agree at present but then they could get in on the action at some point. Sorry for another long post but I had to speak to someone. Thank you.

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