The Nobel Prize and biotechnology have been intertwined for decades.
Though the prizes in the scientific field always go to basic researchers, scientists have won the Nobel Prize for some obviously translatable discoveries. Some have won for discovering specific treatments, like penicillin and artemisinin and insulin. They’ve won prizes for discovering the underlying causes of a disease, like the HPV and HIV viruses. One team of scientists even won a Nobel Prize for putting those two things together. Gertrude Elion and two of her colleagues won the prize in 1988 for figuring out that rational drug design — designing drugs based on a specific target — could be a thing; she used that technique to discover Daraprim, AZT, and acyclovir.