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Some projections place the peak of Covid-19 infections in the U.S. between May and June. If it is still going strong at the end of June, it will collide with the start of a new year in teaching hospitals across the country: July 1 is traditionally the day that new doctors who had been medical students just a month or two earlier start work as doctors.

As of now, nearly 38,000 newly minted doctors will begin their first-year positions as residents at the beginning of July. Around the same time, doctors advancing to their second year of training will be switching hospitals, even states, as they advance in their chosen specialties. And in specialties like ours, internal medicine, those who have competed the third year of their residencies will be moving on to pursue careers or fellowship training at other hospitals.

The yearly influx of new doctors is called the July Effect because of the perception that there are more medical errors and surgical complications because of the presence of new doctors. While that has been both supported and disputed by studies, what is true is that there is an increased need for orientation and supervision of new trainees and hypervigilance by senior attending physicians to educate and prevent medical errors. July is traditionally a less busy time for hospitals, so interns and residents can be given the attention and training they deserve.


Bringing new doctors into hospitals at the peak of Covid-19 is a bad idea. If a hospital is inundated with infected patients, who will have time to supervise and train doctors who are just starting out? And under shelter-in-place and social distancing orders, how will doctors who have finished their training leave and move to other posts across the country?

Serious thought must be given to hitting pause and pushing back the U.S. medical education timetable before it’s too late.


In these unprecedented times, we urge the credentialing body of medicine, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, to push the start of the medical academic year past the tail end of the epidemic’s peak. And if that decision is going to be made, it must be made now, before graduating medical students get caught in the mire of leases and moves across the country.

From a public health perspective, relocating thousands of new medical residents during a national state of emergency would be ill-advised as long social distancing and shelter in place are still important ways to contain Covid-19.

If medical students face delays in starting their residencies, they don’t have to sit out the crisis on the sidelines. Even now, medical students across the country are trying to help by providing child care and groceries to exhausted medical personnel. Students at Harvard Medical School are compiling a Covid-19 curriculum and infographics on the most up-to-date information. There are innumerable ways for graduating medical students to help besides through training.

The Covid-19 epidemic is forcing everyone to make hard choices. The delay in educating the new doctors of the future is not an easy decision ethically nor logistically. It would also be challenging to tell current residents to stay in place rather than progress in their careers. At this point, both possibilities have to be raised and seriously considered. Before it’s too late.

Martin Kaminski, M.D., is an internal medicine resident at Cambridge Health Alliance, a Harvard Medical School teaching hospital. Frances Ue, M.D., is the chief medical resident at Cambridge Health Alliance.

  • Will you be the doctor who takes care of the covid patients?! We do NOT have enough doctors. Doctors that are working and getting ill. Without anyone to replace them, who will take care of the patients?
    What’s the point of delaying residency?
    Also, the programs are asking us to work despite getting sick. Is that ethical? No. But it works because we are in a state of crisis. Medical students need to start now, and in nyc, they are going to join the work force to help us fight this pandemic. We will win if we stand together.

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