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WASHINGTON — Vaping companies have just nine days until they must submit formal marketing applications to the Food and Drug Administration, or risk being kicked off the market. Now, small vapor companies are requesting an extension, setting off a flurry of activism in recent days from both vaping advocates and tobacco control groups.

Vaping companies must submit so-called premarket tobacco product applications by Sept. 9. These sweeping applications must include a slew of information, including scientific data on the manufacturing processes and chemical components of a product, as well as answers to questions like how likely a product is to be misused by children, and whether a product helps cigarette smokers quit. It’s the most make-or-break moment in the industry’s short, chaotic history: Companies that don’t submit applications will likely be put out of business, as will companies that see their applications rejected by the FDA.

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