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With the advent of cheap genetic sequencing, the world of biology has been flooded with 2D data. Now, artificial intelligence is pushing the field into three dimensions.

On Thursday, Alphabet-owned AI outfit DeepMind announced it has used its highly accurate deep learning model AlphaFold2 to predict the 3D structure of 350,000 proteins — including nearly every protein expressed in the human body — from their amino acid sequences. Those predictions, reported in Nature and released to the public in the AlphaFold Protein Structure Database, are a powerful tool to unravel the molecular mechanisms of the human body and deploy them in medical innovations.

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