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Sure, you’ve heard of CRISPR. But it’s 2022. The acronym you need to know now is ADARs.

That stands for “adenosine deaminases acting on RNA.” Catchy it may not be. But this RNA-editing class of proteins, made by all multicellular organisms, is starting to have its moment in the bioengineering sun.


Over the last few years, a growing number of Big Pharma-backed companies — including Korro Bio, Wave Life Sciences, and Shape Therapeutics — have turned their focus to ADAR-based therapies. By editing the short-lived RNA molecules that convert genes into proteins, these companies hope to treat a wide range of genetic diseases.

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